Ngā hononga kura-whānau e puta ai ngā ihu o ngā ākonga Māori

The national curriculum guidelines

NZC-Scenario-#65-Treaty-11

Two documents set out the national curriculum for New Zealand schools: The New Zealand Curriculum (Ministry of Education, 2007) and Te Marautanga o Aotearoa (Ministry of Education, 2008).

 

The New Zealand Curriculum

The New Zealand Curriculum emphasises the expectation that schools will create teaching and learning programmes on the basis of dialogue between schools and their communities. In that way, schools will design curricula that both comply with the requirements of the national curriculum and respond to the specific needs, strengths, interests, and aspirations of their community.

One of the principles for supporting curriculum decision-making is that of “community engagement”.

The curriculum has meaning for students, connects with their wider lives, and engages the support of their families, whānau, and communities.

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 The importance of community engagement and connection is further reinforced in the value of “community and participation” and the five key competencies, especially “participating and contributing”. The message is that the experiences students have at school should enable them to make connections with their learning in the other communities they belong to and to participate effectively within those communities. 

A further principle, that of “Treaty of Waitangi”, reinforces the notion that schools have a legal and ethical responsibility to engage with whānau in ways that acknowledge the Treaty as Aotearoa New Zealand’s foundation document.

The curriculum acknowledges the principles of the Treaty of Waitangi and the bicultural foundations of Aotearoa New Zealand. All students have the opportunity to acquire knowledge of te reo Māori me ōna tikanga.

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Te Marautanga o Aotearoa

Te Marautanga o Aotearoa places an even stronger emphasis on schools’ commitment to Māori, to a bicultural society, and to collaborating with whānau and all those who stand behind the individual child. It includes specific guidelines for how this should be achieved.

School, Whānau, Community, Hapū, Iwi, and Community Will Work Together

The Curriculum encourages the establishment of relationships between the school and whānau which focus on learning. Therefore, the school-based curriculum should:

  • ease the pathway for whānau to participate in all school teaching and learning programmes;
  • include experiences outside of the school which are relevant to the whānau and community;
  • nurture the language and customs of whānau, hapū, and iwi.
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